Covid-19 | WHO

DOs and DON'Ts

You can protect yourself and help prevent spreading the virus to others if you:


  • Wash your hands regularly for 20 seconds, with soap and water or alcohol-based hand rub
  • Cover your nose and mouth with a disposable tissue or flexed elbow when you cough or sneeze
  • Avoid close contact (1 meter or 3 feet) with people who are unwell
  • Stay home and self-isolate from others in the household if you feel unwell


  • Touch your eyes, nose, or mouth if your hands are not clean


These symptoms may appear 2-14 days after exposure (based on the incubation period of MERS-CoV viruses).

  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Shortness of breath

Older Adults & Medical Conditions

Older adults and people of any age who have serious underlying medical conditions may be at higher risk for more serious complications from COVID-19.

  • Older Adults
  • People with HIV
  • People with Asthma
  • Pregnant Women
COVID-19-prevention and symptoms

Prepare Your Family

Here is what you can do to prepare your family in case COVID-19 spreads in your community.

Find Local Information

Know where to find local information on COVID-19 and local trends of COVID-19 cases.

Know the Signs & Symptoms

Know the signs and symptoms of COVID-19 and what to do if symptomatic:

  • Stay home when you are sick
  • Call your health care provider’s office in advance of a visit
  • Limit movement in the community
  • Limit visitors

Stay Informed About Emergency Plans

Know about emergency operations plans for schools/workplaces of household members.

1. About COVID-19

1.1 What is COVID-19?
COVID-19 is the official name of the disease caused by the virus SARS CoV-2, formerly known as Novel Coronavirus. This is a new strain from the coronavirus family.

1.2 How does SARS CoV-2 (COVID-19) spread?
SARS CoV-2 spreads through droplets which are released when people sneeze or cough. These droplets can only travel up to 1 meter.

1.3 What are the symptoms of COVID-19?
The two main symptoms of COVID-19 are fever and cough.

1.4 How long is the incubation period for COVID-19?
Incubation period is the time between catching the virus and when the symptoms of the disease start appearing. Most estimates of the incubation period for COVID-19 range between 1 and 14 days.

1.5 How do I know if I have COVID-19 and not regular cold or flu?
The only way to know if you suffer from COVID-19 is through a special lab test.

1.6 Can COVID-19 be treated with antibiotics?
No. COVID-19 is caused by a virus and antibiotics only work on bacterial infections.

1.7 Is there any particular treatment for COVID-19?
There is no treatment for COVID-19 yet. The disease is treated symptomatically, which means the symptoms (such as fever and cough) are treated rather than the disease itself.

1.8 How serious is COVID-19?
COVID 19 usually causes a mild to moderate respiratory (lung) infection. In the elderly or those who are immunocompromised or have other chronic diseases, it may lead to a severe pneumonia and can be fatal. The disease has proven fatal in about 2% of COVID-19 patients; 98% of those infected have recovered.

2. Confirmation of COVID-19 Cases

2.1 How is COVID-19 confirmed in a patient?
Suspected or probable cases of COVID-19 are confirmed via a swab test called the “Novel Coronavirus-2019

2.2 I have a fever/cold. Could I have COVID-19?
If you have a fever or cold AND have either travelled from a country where has been an outbreak of COVID 19 such as China, Italy, Iran or Afghanistan in the last 14 days, or have been in contact with a known patient of COVID-19, you should visit a doctor.

2.3 Where can I go to get tested for COVID-19?
COVID-19 test is a special type of test for which a specimen is needed. This can only be collected by a trained doctor. Once collected, the specimen is sent to the lab for testing. Specimen of COVID-19 tests are accepted at all Lab Collection Points of the Aga Khan University Hospital. There is a limited number of test kits available, so tests are being restricted to only patients meeting set clinical criteria. According to a list shared by the Government, the below hospitals have COVID-19 testing kits:
– Karachi: The Aga Khan University Hospital and Jinnah Post Graduate Medical Center.
– Islamabad: National Institute of Health and Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences.
– Lahore: Services Hospital.
– Peshawar: Police and Services Hospital.
– Quetta: Fatima Jinnah Chest and General Hospital, and Sheikh Khalifah Bin Zayyad Hospital.

2.4 How much does the COVID-19 test cost?
At the Aga Khan University Hospital, the price of the COVID-19 test is Rs. 7,900.

2.5 How long does it take to get the COVID-19 test result?
Test results are reported within a day.

2.6 Where are COVID-19 patients admitted?
COVID-19 patients are admitted in isolation rooms at dedicated hospitals. In Karachi, these hospitals include:
The Aga Khan University Hospital, Jinnah Post Graduate Medical Center, Dr. Ruth K. M. Pfau Civil Hospital and Ojha Institute of Chest Diseases, Dow University of Health Sciences.

3. Protection from COVID-19

3.1 What precautionary measures should I take regularly?
To keep yourself safe, follow these precautions:
– Regularly wash your hands, especially after sneezing or coughing.
– Avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth.
– Follow cough/sneeze hygiene practices (cough or sneeze in a tissue or your elbow/ sleeves) and discard used tissues appropriately in the dustbin; do not reuse.
– Drink plenty of water, maintain a healthy diet and do not smoke.

3.2 Can I get COVID-19 from eating fish, chicken or meat?
No. You cannot get COVID-19 by eating fish, chicken or meat. However, cook these thoroughly so that you are not at risk of other infections.

3.3 Can I get COVID-19 from my pets?
No, you cannot get COVID-19 from your pets. However, it is always a good idea to wash your hands with soap and water after petting animals.

3.4 Can I get vaccinated for COVID-19?
There is currently no vaccine for COVID-19.

3.5 Should I wear a mask?
If you are healthy, the routine use of masks is not regarded to be helpful and is not recommended. You could
wear a simple surgical mask if you are sick with cold/ flu-like symptoms, or if you are a healthcare worker.
The N-95 mask is only needed if you are a healthcare staff working specifically in Intensive or Special Care
Units or carrying out special procedures.

3.6 I need to travel soon. What precautions should I take?
If you have to travel, take the following precautions: avoid people who may be sick; wash your hands
frequently and try not to touch your face, especially your eyes, nose or mouth without first washing your
hands. Wear a surgical mask if you can.

4. Routine AKUH Operations

4.1 Is it safe to visit the Aga Khan University Hospital?
Yes, it is safe to visit the The Aga Khan University Hospital. Probable and confirmed COVID-19 case(s) are in isolation and do not pose harm to other people.

4.2 Are clinics or surgeries being cancelled at the Aga Khan University Hospital?
No. All clinics, surgeries and other services continue as per schedule.

5. For More Information

5.1 Where can I get more information?
For more information and to download COVID-19 materials, visit the AKUH website:

Government Helpline: 1166.
The Aga Khan University Hospital Contact Centre: +92-21-111-911-911.

Awareness of Corona virus in Pashto.

Corona Awareness by Natasha Baig in Burushaski spoken in Hunza, Gilgit and Kashmir as well.